Date of Birth: October 17, 1868
Date of Death: February 03, 1953
Birth City: Santiago
Birth Country: Chile
Resident City: Winthrop
Resident State/Province: Massachusetts
Resident Country: United States
Notes: Hayden moved to Boston when she was six to live with her paternal grandparents. Sophia Hayden was the first woman to graduate with a degree in architecture from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) in Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA
Sources: Bibliography from the Encyclopedia Britannica. Additional information found at http://www.distingguishedwomen.com/biographies/hayden-s.html http://members.cox.net/academia/cassatt5.html
No specialties on record
Employer: Mechanical drawing instructor
Country: United States
Notes: Hayden could not find any architectural work when she graduated so she took a job teaching mechanical drawing.
No collaborators on record
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No awards on record
No exhibitions on record
Title: Women's Building for the World's Columbian Exposition of 1893 in Chicago
Description: Hayden's design in the style of the Italian Renaissance won the competition for the Women's Building.
Notes: Hayden was paid 3 to 10 times less than her male counterparts in the Exposition. She was awarded the Gold Medal from the Board of Lady Managers, though the design was criticized for its "daintiness and grace". When Hayden was absent from the building's dedication ceremony, it was supposed that she had a nervous breakdown, confirming that women were not suitable for the architectural profession.
Institution: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Notes: Hayden was the first woman admitted to the architecture program at MIT. Hayden graduated from MIT with honors.
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Title: Women in Architecture: A Historic & Contemporary Perspective
Author: Susana Torre
Publisher: Whitney Library of Design
City: New York City